There is no provision in the agreement for the establishment of international reserves. It expected that a new gold production would suffice. In the event of a structural imbalance, it expected national solutions, such as adjusting monetary value or improving a country`s competitive position by other means. However, the IMF had few resources to promote such national solutions. Look for clues, synonyms, words, anagrams or if you already have a few letters, enter the letters here with a question mark or a complete stop instead of someone you don`t know (z.B. cros… The IMF has attempted to provide for occasional exchange rate adjustments (changes in the face value of a member) by international agreement. Member States have been allowed to adjust their exchange rates by 1%. This trend has been to restore the balance of trade by increasing exports and reducing imports. This would only be permissible if there was a fundamental imbalance. A depreciation of a country`s money was described as a devaluation, while an increase in the value of the country`s money was described as an appreciation.
There was broad consensus among powerful nations that the lack of exchange rate coordination during the interwar period had exacerbated political tensions. This facilitated the decisions of the Bretton Woods conference. In addition, all the Bretton Woods governments agreed that the monetary chaos of the interwar period had brought some valuable lessons. A devastated Britain had little choice. Two world wars had destroyed the country`s main industries, which paid for the import of half of the food and almost all of its raw materials except coal. The British had no choice but to ask for help. It was only when the United States signed a 4.4 billion pound British aid agreement on 6 December 1945 that the British Parliament ratified the Bretton Woods Agreements (which took place later in December 1945).  Post-war global capitalism suffered from a huge shortage of dollars. The U.S. had huge trade surpluses and U.S. reserves were huge and growing. It was necessary to reverse this river.
Although all nations wanted to buy U.S. exports, the dollars had to leave the United States and be available for international use so that they could do so. In other words, the United States should reverse the imbalances of global prosperity by chartering a trade deficit financed by a U.S. exit.