While it is rare to see soft things in the multilateral field, transnational air agreements are in fact soft. In the United Kingdom, the term MoU is often used to enter into an agreement between parties to The Crown. This term is often used in the context of decentralization, for example. B in the 1999 concorda between the Central Ministry of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Scottish Environment Directorate. An agreement is an expressive consent. It shows that the parties have reached an agreement and are making progress. Although not legally binding, it is a serious explanation for the impending treaty. 10 The British idea of the importance of these indices for overly restrictive intent is reflected in a list of terms established by the British Ministry of Defence in early 1991. According to this list, many terms should be avoided/replaced in order not to make the soft ones legally binding.
Some of the more predictable substitutions were: “agreements” for “agreements” and “will” for “must”; However, it is not at all clear what determinants would result from other recommendations such as “paragraph” for “clause,” “section” for “article,” “mutual consent” for “under-take,” “provisions” for “conditions” or “entry into force” to “come into force.” Memorandum from Ministry of Defence to British Army Staff (Washington), Ann. A (February 27, 1991) (file with author). Indeed, such distinctions illustrate, without apparent distinction, the British approach to the matter, which was criticized in the US response memo in the Heathrow arbitration as an unwarranted confidence of the United Kingdom “in the esoteric semantic distinctions that are not accepted by the USG and unknown to the law of the treaties”. Answer Us Memorandum, USA / UK Arbitration on Heathrow Airport User Charges 101 (November 9, 1990) (at the author`s office). In the economy, a protocol is generally a legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties that defines the terms and modalities of mutual understanding or agreement and notes the requirements and responsibilities of each party – without concluding a formal and legally enforceable contract (although a MoU is often a first step towards the development of a formal contract).   A Memorandum of Understanding (MOA) is a written document describing a cooperative relationship between two parties wishing to cooperate on a project or achieve an agreed objective.